sk̂āi-, sk̂ǝi- : sk̂ī-

sk̂āi-, sk̂ǝi- : sk̂ī-
    sk̂āi-, sk̂ǝi- : sk̂ī-
    English meaning: to glimmer (of wet things); shadow
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “gedämpft schimmern; Schatten (Abglanz)”
    Material: O.Ind. chüyǘ “ radiance, Schimmer, shadow”, Av. a-saya- “wer keinen shadow wirft”, Pers. süya ‘shadow, protection”; Gk. σκιά̄ f. (sk̂ii̯-ü) ‘shadow”, σκιερός, Hom. σκιόεις ‘schattig, dark”, σκίρον ‘sonnenschirm” (formal = Alb. hir, with length Goth. skeirs); with the grade sk̂ü[i]-: σκηνή, Dor.σκᾱνά̄ “tent, Bũhne, Szene”, σκῆνος, Dor. σκᾶνος n. “tent; body (as Hũlle the soul)”; σκῆν “ butterfly, Motte” Hes.; σκίναρ n. “body”;
    Note: From Gk. σκιά ‘shadow” + Gk. οὑρά “tail” derived Gk. σκίουρος, Lat. sciurus -i, pl. sciuridae m.’squirrel”, Alb. from a reshuffled Lat. cognate derived Alb. (*sciuridae) cetër, ketër ‘squirrel” from Alb. derived Bulg. katerica ‘squirrel”. Typical of Alb. is the drop of initial s-: sc- > c- also the shift c > k. Alb. hē, hie ‘shadow” (*sk̂ii̯ü), hir “ grace “ (= Gk. σκίρον), (h)ona ‘shadow” (*skēi-n-?), Gheg huj “god”; Typical Alb. phonetic mutation sk- > h- initials. O.Ice. skī n. “Heuchelei” (: Gk. σκιά̄), Goth. skeinan ‘shine, appear, seem, gleam, shine, gleam”, O.Ice. skīna ds., O.H.G. O.E. scīnan ds., Ger. scheinen (n-present, compare O.C.S. sinǫti; if also in Lat. scintilla ‘spark” eine formation from a similar originator from is present, is doubtful (derivative eines *sk̂i-nto- “gleaming”?); O.Ice. skīn n., O.S. skīn, O.H.G. scīn m. ‘shine, radiance “; O.E. O.S. scima, M.H.G. scheme ‘shadow”, Ger. Schemen ‘schattenhafte shape”, O.Ice. skimi m. “ radiance “, Ger. schimmern, Schimmel etc.; Goth. skeima ‘shiner, torch”, O.H.G. O.S. scīmo, O.E. scīma m. “light, radiance “; M.H.G. scheim ds.; without s- probably Nor. hīm, hīma, as skīm “dũnne cover, Häutchen” (as “durchscheinend”, compare:) O.Ice. skjür m. “durchsichtige skin, Fensterrahmen”; Goth.skeirs “clear, bright”, O.Ice. skīrr, O.E. scīr “durchsichtig, bright, clean”, M.H.G. (md.) schīr “lauter”, Ger. schier; O.Ice. skǣ rr “clean, clear, bright” (*skairi-r), O.Fris. skēria “clean”; Ltv. seja (*k̂ei̯ü) ‘shadow, Spiegelbild, face”; O.C.S. sijati, sinǫti “gleam, hell become”, sěnь ‘shadow” (besides stěnь for *scěnь); Cz. čirý “lauter”, Russ. ščí ryj “veritable, genuine” (Goth. Lw.?), Church Slavic *širъ “ open open “, adv. širý etc.; Toch. В skiyo ‘shadow” (= Gk. σκιά̄).
    References: WP. II 535 f., WH. I 131, Jokl L.-U. 60 ff., Trautmann 304.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”